Orthopedic surgery is a branch of medicine that deals with conditions of the musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system is involved in the movement process and is made up of bones of the skeleton, tendons and connective tissues. Conditions of the musculoskeletal system are therefore identified by difficulties in movement caused by injury or genetic disorders such as achondroplasia. Orthopedic surgery specialists are known as orthopedists, and they combine both surgical and non-surgical methods to treat patients with orthopedic problems effectively.
Orthopedic surgery is a broad field; therefore, many orthopedic surgeons specialize in few procedures such as reconstructive surgery and trauma. Orthopedic surgeons undergo a rigorous training with approximately twelve years of formal education and are also subjected to board certification. To acquire board certification, orthopedic surgeons should demonstrate high levels of expertise.
There are many orthopedic procedures carried out by orthopedic surgeons. Most common among these is;
- Repairing damaged bones such as broken collarbones and broken ankles
When the damage is severe, the broken bones are operated on, and a plate and screw is used to fix the broken parts. In broken bones, locking plates can also be used to repair fractures. Locking plates are different from conventional plates and screws, and they are preferred because they allow preservation of soft tissues.
Another common procedure is arthroplasty where surgery is used to replace damaged joints caused by loss of cartilage in joints as is the result of acute arthritis. Arthroplasty procedures include restoring the joints by resurfacing the bones or using an artificial joint known as a prosthesis. Knee replacements and hip replacements are the most common operations of arthroplasty.
About Greg Finch
Greg Finch is a specialist in orthopedic surgery practicing in conditions of the spine. Greg is certified by FAOrthA, a peak professional organization for orthopedic surgeons.
Greg Finch currently consults with the Nambour Public Hospital in Australia. He is also a member of the Spine Society of Australia and North American Spine Society. Greg has also worked with FRACS where he interacted with other leading orthopedic experts outside Australia.